Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
R. W. Smith
A Japanese species, collected out of cultivation on the bank of a filled area along the River Raisin floodplain in Lenawee Co. by R. W. Smith in 1986.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 16, 2017. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1738.