Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
A southern species, known from nearby Ohio and adjacent Ontario, but not collected in Michigan until 1989 (P. W. Fritsch 1141, MICH), in a floodplain forest.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. April 23, 2014. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1597.