Monarda fistulosa L.
Common Name: WILD-BERGAMOT
Coefficient of Conservatism: 2
Coefficient of Wetness: 3
Wetness Index: FACU
Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb

Usually in dry, open, sandy, gravelly, or rocky ground such as oak or jack pine savanna, prairies, fields, and roadsides; occasionally in sedge meadows or other moist places; often at edges of forests and thickets, on open stream and lake banks and stabilized dunes; spreading into disturbed places.

We have two very similar looking varieties in the state: var. mollis (L.) Benth., with only minute pubescence on the lower surface of the leaves, and var. fistulosa, with some long straight hairs on the same surface. The latter is occasional throughout the state; var. mollis is more common except in the western Upper Peninsula. White-flowered forms are uncommon.

Locations

Alcona County
Alger County
Allegan County
Alpena County
Arenac County
Baraga County
Barry County
Bay County
Benzie County
Berrien County
Branch County
Calhoun County
Charlevoix County
    Including Beaver Island
Cheboygan County
Chippewa County
Clare County
Clinton County
Crawford County
Delta County
Dickinson County
Emmet County
Genesee County
Gogebic County
Grand Traverse County
Gratiot County
Hillsdale County
Houghton County
Ingham County
Ionia County
Iosco County
Iron County
Isabella County
Jackson County
Kalamazoo County
Kalkaska County
Kent County
Lake County
Lapeer County
Leelanau County
Lenawee County
Livingston County
Mackinac County
    Including Bois Blanc, Mackinac, Round Islands
Macomb County
Manistee County
Marquette County
Mason County
Mecosta County
Menominee County
Midland County
Monroe County
Montcalm County
Muskegon County
Newaygo County
Oakland County
Oceana County
Ogemaw County
Ontonagon County
Osceola County
Oscoda County
Otsego County
Ottawa County
Presque Isle County
Roscommon County
Saginaw County
Sanilac County
Schoolcraft County
Shiawassee County
St. Clair County
St. Joseph County
Tuscola County
Van Buren County
Washtenaw County
Wayne County
Wexford County

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 15, 2017. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1574.