Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Sandy, dry open ground, collected from one site in Dickinson Co. in 1990 by D. Henson and A. A. Reznicek.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 13, 2017. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1066.