Coefficient of Conservatism:
Coefficient of Wetness:
Disturbed prairies and weedy sites; perhaps not native, though some Michigan sites are in more or less natural habitats. First collected (along a street) in 1949 in Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo Co.
MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 18, 2017. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1008.