Sanicula

1. Styles shorter than the calyx of bisexual flowers, scarcely visible; staminate flowers only 2–5, in the same umbels as bisexual flowers.

2. Calyx lobes of bisexual flowers inconspicuous, shorter than the bristles; pedicels of staminate flowers twice as long as their sepals, or shorter.

S. canadensis

2. Calyx lobes of bisexual flowers conspicuous, equaling or exceeding the bristles; pedicels of staminate flowers ca. 2–4 times as long as their sepals.

S. trifoliata

1. Styles elongate (several times as long as calyx), arching conspicuously over (or among) the bristles; staminate flowers more numerous per umbel and often in separate umbels as well as in the same ones as bisexual flowers.

3. Calyx lobes of staminate flowers soft, less than 1 mm long (usually ca. 0.5 mm) and less than twice as long as broad; mature fruit (including bristles) ca. 3–4 mm long (not including the short stalk).

S. odorata

3. Calyx lobes of staminate flowers rigid (even subulate-tipped), 1–1.6 mm long and 2–3 times as long as broad; mature fruit (including bristles) ca. 4.5–6.5 mm long.

S. marilandica

All species found in Sanicula

Sanicula canadensisBLACK SNAKEROOT 
Sanicula marilandicaBLACK SNAKEROOT 
Sanicula odorataBLACK SNAKEROOT 
Sanicula trifoliataBLACK SNAKEROOT 

Citation:

MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. A. A. Reznicek, E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. February 2011. University of Michigan. Web. December 13, 2017. http://michiganflora.net/genus.aspx?id=Sanicula.